For dogs of different age, size, sex, with different physical activity and health status, different amounts of energy are required. It is also interesting that for large and giant breeds the amount of energy required per kilogram of weight will be less than for dogs of small breeds.
Consider the components of the diet. Let’s start with proteins – the main body essential substances. The value of proteins is in the presence of essential and non-essential amino acids and their quantity. The body receives essential amino acids only with food. And replaceable synthesizes from others independently.
The main source of proteins – meat – has an unequal protein composition. In the wild, the predator instinctively eats first of all the prey-rich parts. The dog does not have such a choice, so the owner must make the menu of his dog varied and rich in proteins.
The second necessary component of the diet are fats – the main source of energy. Fats also help keep the dog’s skin and coat in good condition. The first sign of a lack of fat is the poor condition of the skin and coat. Since fats contain a lot of fat-soluble vitamins, such as, A, D, E and K, their lack can cause serious diseases, especially in puppies and young dogs.
Vitamins A, D and E are not synthesized in the body and come only with food. The content of vegetable and animal fat in the diet should be on average about 17%. The percentage of fat depends on the composition of specific diets that provide different needs.
The third necessary component is carbohydrates – also the most important source of energy, providing up to 70% of the nutritional value of the entire dog’s diet. The sugar and starch entering into their structure in the course of digestion turn into glucose – a powerful source of energy.
Despite the fact that cellulose (cellulose) – the shell of plant cells – is not digested by the dog’s body, it has a stimulating effect on the work of the entire digestive tract, improving digestion.
Water-soluble vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates are mainly found in foods of vegetable origin: vegetables, fruits, cereals and grains (flour, bread, cereals). But these products should not constitute the main part of the dog’s diet, even despite their obvious benefits and mandatory presence in the composition of the diet.
In modern industrial rations, the balance of all necessary nutrients is carefully observed, depending on the age of the dogs, their size and lifestyle, so eating dry or wet food from the manufacturer is the perfect way to provide your dog with a balanced diet.