To prolong life and its quality for an elderly dog, at the first signs of obesity, you need to take action. It is much more difficult to drive off extra weight from a veteran dog than from a young one.
The diet for an elderly dog consists in a fully balanced diet, containing a reduced amount of calories and an increased amount of carbohydrates (which allow the dog to get saturated faster, with less calorie). In many cases, older dogs can keep the old diet, especially if it was correct, but reduce portions.
Particular attention should be paid to the finished feed. For example, most of them contain approximately 18% protein (based on dry matter), and if a dog has kidney disease, its diet requires no more than 14% protein. low protein diet, with renal failure in dogs, will reduce the burden on the kidneys.
Reducing the proportion of fat in the dog’s diet usually leads to a decrease in calories, so most of the diets for older dogs contain 8-12% fat.
Older dogs are prone to problems of defecation, therefore it is recommended to give them a high fiber content (about 3-5%). This can be solved by adding wheat bran to the food.