1. Water is a very important nutrient, and its content in different feeds varies (for example, in fresh lean meat about 55% of water). A bowl of clean fresh water, unlike a bowl of food, must always be within the reach of the dog.
2. A dog needs proteins rich in nitrogen compounds (they are part of animal products), primarily meat.
3. Carbohydrates, which the dog usually receives in the form of sugars and starch, from food.
4. Fats, in sufficient (but not excessive) amount, performing an important energy function in the dog’s diet.
5. Minerals: table salt – 2%, phosphorus – 1%, calcium – 1%, magnesium – 0.5%.
> Watch the amount of food a dog consumes. In short, we can say that puppies and young dogs are fed more (relative to their mass) so that they develop normally, and adult and elderly dogs are slightly underfed to avoid obesity. Of course, it is important to take into account the dog’s lifestyle, its mobility, and working qualities. An adult hunting or service dog that constantly works should not be underfed (and overfeed too). It may seem that it is difficult to calculate the correct amount of feed correctly, but in practice everything will work out. For a start, you can rely on similar calculations, and monitoring your dog.
> Feed multiplicity (how many times a day to feed the dog) also set individually, based on the age, lifestyle and health of the dog. A healthy dog in its prime is usually fed 2-3 times a day. A little puppy – 4-6 times a day. Older dogs often require more frequent feeding in small portions, for normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.